The word ‘Quarantine’ has been derived from the Greek word “Quaranth” which by definition means “period of 40 days”. In its application, it literally translates to a state, period, or place of isolation in case people or animals have arrived from somewhere else. Quarantine also takes place in case someone has been exposed to infectious or contagious disease.
Animal quarantine is a compulsory practice in every country. Requiring quarantine observation after arrival is a necessary practice to keep the country free from diseases through imported livestock and livestock products.
Note: [Livestock includes species of Equine, bovine, canine, ovine, porcine, caprine, rodents, laboratory animals, poultry and other wild, domestic animals and birds.
Livestock products include meat and meat products of all kinds, egg and egg powder, milk and milk products, pet food products, products of aquatic animals, animal feed and feed supplements, etc.]
The government of India refuses entry to epizootic livestock altogether. The health and well-being of the citizens is paramount to the socio-economic development of any country, which cannot be taken a chance with.
The number of infectious diseases of animals which is extensive in other countries, does not exist in India. Hence, it is important to prevent such diseases to gain entry into our country through movement of animals from across the borders.
Travel was a potent barrier when the mode of transportation was via sea, which has assuredly reduced when the travel shifted by air. However, sea travel has also become swift in this day and age.
Hence, gone are the days when the travel time usually goes beyond the incubation period exposing the existence of infection in the livestock during such travel.
Moreover, animals often carry bacteria’s without showing any visible signs of clinical disease. As a consequence, it becomes more important for conducting checks at the entry point at airports/seaports, as well as land routes and quarantine them for observation before allowing them to leave.
In India, “Animal Quarantine and Certification Services” was initiated during the fourth Five Year Plan, 1969-70.
The plan was introduced to avert the ingress of any exotic disease through international trade and travel into India and to sew up the health and safety of the animal and human life.
Some of the laboratories which is facilitating “Animal Quarantine and Certification Services” (AQCS) are:
Foreign nationals of Indian origin require Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) or a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) card to be able to import your pet to India.
For Indian citizens, staying abroad, visiting India on a short visa would require Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) license to bring their pet in the country.
In case of a foreign national not of Indian origin, can bring their pet in the country if they’re relocating to work in the country or must have a stay of minimum one year.
Note: [Without an escort, dogs or cats cannot be imported. Further, dogs are not given permission to enter the country for breeding or commercial purposes.]
In case of feline companions, they are required to be vaccinated against Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Panleukopenia (FVRCP) between 30 days and 12 months prior to entering India.
As pet parents ourselves, we deeply care about your four-legged baby. Hence, we make sure that all the mandatory documents are well pre-organized before the trip. Travel can be easy only if the legal formalities are well taken care of.
To summarize the entire process, ‘Animal Quarantine and Certification Services’ (AQCS) is responsible to examine internationally accepted certification for livestock and animals. It basically investigates if the animal who is being exported to another country is in accordance with health requirements, as well as those specified in the International Zoo-Sanitary Code.
Further, a No Objection Certificate (NOC) is obligatory for the process of pet relocation. To get possession of this document, a quarantine period has to be met which lasts anywhere between 21 days to 6 months to set the seal on the pet’s health. The NOC is provided by the country of origin, stating that the animal is free of rabies or any other infection.
Besides, an import license is also required for pets who are being imported for a short span of time (tourist visa) or for a change of ownership, which is provided by the DGFT. 30 days of quarantine period is marked in case of change of ownership.
All the due diligence is exercised by Carry My Pet to make sure your pet gets to travel without any hassle.
No Objection Certificate (NOC) is required when a pet is transferred. In order to obtain this document, a quarantine period is involved to ensure your pet is healthy and is not carrying any infectious diseases. It is provided by the country of origin
No Objection Certificate (NOC) is provided by the Animal Quarantine and Certification Services in India. Ensure to schedule your appointment at the AQCS a week in advance before visiting their office, and submit all the following documents to the quarantine office along with your pet 7 days before departure to obtain a NOC: The pet for examination by the officer, Veterinary health certificate (Fit to fly by road/Air/Train) from any local registered veterinarian, Microchip certificate, Vaccination details of the last year of the pet, Passport copies of the owner, air ticket copy of the owner, airway bill, if the pet is going through cargo, any specific requirements of the importing country, postcard size photographs (4 x 6 inch)
Quarantine of animals is done by Animal Quarantine and Certification services (AQCS) in India. AQCS prescribes animal quarantine of at least 14 days. Animal quarantine is 30 days if served at home.
An export certificate issues by the AQCS is valid for ten days from the specific date it was issued.
Veterinary quarantine is prescribed to curb the import and entry of zoonotic diseases in a particular country. This prescribes quarantine and its duration varies from country to country; some countries do not prescribe veterinary quarantine, whereas others will not permit entry until the quarantine period is served.
Animals suspected of carrying rabies are prescribes an observational period of 10 days. This is only valid for dogs and cats suspected of carrying the disease, and not other species of pet